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Property Rights and Gender Bias: Evidence from Land Reform in West Bengal

Bhalotra, Sonia R and Chakravarty, Abhishek and Mookherjee, Dilip and Pino, Francisco J Property Rights and Gender Bias: Evidence from Land Reform in West Bengal. [UNSPECIFIED]


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While land reforms are typically pursued in order to raise productivity and reduce inequality across households, an unintended consequence may be increased within-household gender inequality. We analyse a tenancy registration programme in West Bengal, and find that it increased child survival and reduced fertility. However, we also find that it intensified son preference in families without a first-born son to inherit the land title. These families exhibit no reduction in fertility, an increase in the probability that a subsequent birth is male, and a substantial increase in the survival advantage of subsequent sons over daughters.

Uncontrolled Keywords: I14, I24, J71, O15, sex ratio, infant mortality, gender, property rights, land reform, fertility
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Depositing User: Abhishek Chakravarty
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2016 12:35
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 21:16

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