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Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: The effects of list length and output order

Ward, G and Tan, L and Grenfell-Essam, R (2010) 'Examining the relationship between free recall and immediate serial recall: The effects of list length and output order.' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 36 (5). 1207 - 1241. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

In 4 experiments, participants were presented with lists of between 1 and 15 words for tests of immediate memory. For all tasks, participants tended to initiate recall with the first word on the list for short lists. As the list length was increased, so there was a decreased tendency to start with the first list item; and, when free to do so, participants showed an increased tendency to start with one of the last 4 list items. In all tasks, the start position strongly influenced the shape of the resultant serial position curves: When recall started at Serial Position 1, elevated recall of early list items was observed; when recall started toward the end of the list, there were extended recency effects. These results occurred under immediate free recall (IFR) and different variants of immediate serial recall (ISR) and reconstruction of order (RoO) tasks. We argue that these findings have implications for the relationship between IFR and ISR and between rehearsal and recall. © 2010 American Psychological Association.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2011 08:50
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 18:14
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/1685

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