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Airborne biological hazards and urban transport infrastructure: current challenges and future directions

Nasir, ZA and Campos, LC and Christie, N and Colbeck, I (2016) 'Airborne biological hazards and urban transport infrastructure: current challenges and future directions.' Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23 (15). 15757 - 15766. ISSN 0944-1344

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Abstract

© 2016, The Author(s). Exposure to airborne biological hazards in an ever expanding urban transport infrastructure and highly diverse mobile population is of growing concern, in terms of both public health and biosecurity. The existing policies and practices on design, construction and operation of these infrastructures may have severe implications for airborne disease transmission, particularly, in the event of a pandemic or intentional release of biological of agents. This paper reviews existing knowledge on airborne disease transmission in different modes of transport, highlights the factors enhancing the vulnerability of transport infrastructures to airborne disease transmission, discusses the potential protection measures and identifies the research gaps in order to build a bioresilient transport infrastructure. The unification of security and public health research, inclusion of public health security concepts at the design and planning phase, and a holistic system approach involving all the stakeholders over the life cycle of transport infrastructure hold the key to mitigate the challenges posed by biological hazards in the twenty-first century transport infrastructure.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2016 09:42
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 19:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/16898

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