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Isolation of isoprene degrading bacteria from soils, development of isoA gene probes and identification of the active isoprene-degrading soil community using DNA-stable isotope probing

El Khawand, Myriam and Crombie, Andrew T and Johnston, Antonia and Vavlline, Dmitrii V and McAuliffe, Joseph C and Latone, Jacob A and Primak, Yuliya A and Lee, Sang-Kyu and Whited, Gregg M and McGenity, Terry J and Murrell, J Colin (2016) 'Isolation of isoprene degrading bacteria from soils, development of isoA gene probes and identification of the active isoprene-degrading soil community using DNA-stable isotope probing.' Environmental Microbiology, 18 (8). 2743 - 2753. ISSN 1462-2912

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Abstract

Emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds (bVOCs), are an important element in the global carbon cycle, accounting for a significant proportion of fixed carbon. They contribute directly and indirectly to global warming and climate change and have a major effect on atmospheric chemistry. Plants emit isoprene to the atmosphere in similar quantities to emissions of methane from all sources and each accounts for approximately one third of total VOCs. Although methanotrophs, capable of growth on methane, have been intensively studied, we know little of isoprene biodegradation. Here, we report the isolation of two isoprene‐degrading strains from the terrestrial environment and describe the design and testing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers targeting isoA, the gene encoding the active‐site component of the conserved isoprene monooxygenase, which are capable of retrieving isoA sequences from isoprene‐enriched environmental samples. Stable isotope probing experiments, using biosynthesized 13C‐labelled isoprene, identified the active isoprene‐degrading bacteria in soil. This study identifies novel isoprene‐degrading strains using both culture‐dependent and, for the first time, culture‐independent methods and provides the tools and foundations for continued investigation of the biogeography and molecular ecology of isoprene‐degrading bacteria.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 19:42
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 13:16
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/17131

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