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Methodology of photic stimulation revisited: Updated European algorithm for visual stimulation in the EEG laboratory

Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenite, Dorothee and Rubboli, Guido and Hirsch, Edouard and Martins da Silva, Antonio and Seri, Stefano and Wilkins, Arnold and Parra, Jaime and Covanis, Athanasios and Elia, Maurizio and Capovilla, Guiseppe and Stephani, Ulrich and Harding, Graham (2012) 'Methodology of photic stimulation revisited: Updated European algorithm for visual stimulation in the EEG laboratory.' Epilepsia, 53 (1). pp. 16-24. ISSN 00139580

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Abstract

Intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) is a common procedure performed in the electroencephalography (EEG) laboratory in children and adults to detect abnormal epileptogenic sensitivity to flickering light (i.e., photosensitivity). In practice, substantial variability in outcome is anecdotally found due to themany different methods used per laboratory and country. We believe that standardization of procedure, based on scientific and clinical data, should permit reproducible identification and quantification of photosensitivity. We hope that the use of our new algorithm will help in standardizing the IPS procedure, which in turn maymore clearly identify and assistmonitoring of patientswith epilepsy and photosensitivity.Our algorithm goes far beyond that published in 1999 (Epilepsia, 1999a, 40, 75; Neurophysiol Clin, 1999b, 29, 318): it has substantially increased content, detailing technical and logistical aspects of IPS testing and the rationale for many of the steps in the IPS procedure. Furthermore, our latest algorithm incorporates the consensus of repeated scientific meetings of European experts in this field over a period of 6 years with feedback from general neurologists and epileptologists to improve its validity and utility. Accordingly, our European group has provided herein updated algorithms for two different levels of methodology: (1) requirements for defining photosensitivity in patients and in family members of known photosensitive patients and (2) requirements for tailored studies in patientswith a clear history of visually induced seizures or complaints, and in those already known to be photosensitive.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Arnold Wilkins
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2017 12:38
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2017 12:38
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/17163

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