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The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Multiple-Cue Probability Learning

Rolison, Jonathan J and Evans, Jonathan St BT and Walsh, Clare R and Dennis, Ian (2011) 'The Role of Working Memory Capacity in Multiple-Cue Probability Learning.' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64 (8). pp. 1494-1514. ISSN 1747-0218

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<jats:p>Multiple-cue probability learning (MCPL) involves learning to predict a criterion when outcome feedback is provided for multiple cues. A great deal of research suggests that working memory capacity (WMC) is involved in a wide range of tasks that draw on higher level cognitive processes. In three experiments, we examined the role of WMC in MCPL by introducing measures of working memory capacity, as well as other task manipulations. While individual differences in WMC positively predicted performance in some kinds of multiple-cue tasks, performance on other tasks was entirely unrelated to these differences. Performance on tasks that contained negative cues was correlated with working memory capacity, as well as measures of explicit knowledge obtained in the learning process. When the relevant cues predicted positively, however, WMC became irrelevant. The results are discussed in terms of controlled and automatic processes in learning and judgement.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Multiple-cue probability learning; Working memory capacity; Automatic and controlled processes; Associative learning; Dual processes
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2016 13:22
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 12:38

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