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Incentives to Rebel, Bargaining, and Civil War

Arena, Philip and Hardt, Brian (2014) 'Incentives to Rebel, Bargaining, and Civil War.' International Interactions, 40 (1). pp. 127-141. ISSN 0305-0629

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To fully understand the effects of factors that encourage rebellion, we must differentiate between the way such factors influence mass decisions to join an ongoing rebellion and the way they influence the level of concessions offered by the government. We analyze a three-player bargaining model that allows us to do so. Our results indicate that governments tolerate a greater risk of conflict with their chosen concessions when any conflict that does occur is likely to take the form of a limited, rather than popular, rebellion. We demonstrate that rebellions are more likely to be popular when the general populace is relatively dissatisfied with the status quo and when the government is relatively incapable of putting down rebellions. Widespread poverty and low state capacity might therefore be associated with a lower likelihood of conflict, but a greater probability that the general populace will participate in any conflict that does occur.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: civil war, conflict, formal modeling
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2016 15:45
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2016 15:46

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