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On the generality of the effect of experiencing prior gains and losses on the Iowa gambling task: A study on young and old adults

Rosi, A and Cavallini, E and Gamboz, N and Russo, R (2016) 'On the generality of the effect of experiencing prior gains and losses on the Iowa gambling task: A study on young and old adults.' Judgment and Decision Making, 11 (2). 185 - 196. ISSN 1930-2975

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Abstract

© 2016. The authors license this article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Prospect Theory predicts that people tend to be more risk seeking if their reference point is perceived as a loss and more risk averse when the reference point is perceived as a gain. In line with this prediction, Franken, Georgieva, Muris and Dijksterhuis (2006) showed that young adults who had a prior experience of monetary gains make more safe choices on subsequent decisions than subjects who had an early experience of losses. There are no experimental studies on how experiencing prior gains and losses differently influences young and older adults on a subsequent decision-making task (the Iowa Gambling Task). Hence, in the current paper, adapting the methodology employed by Franken et al.’s (2006), we intended to test the generality of their effect across the life span. Overall, we found that subjects who experienced prior monetary gains or prior monetary losses did not display significant differences in safe/risky choices on subsequent performance in the Iowa Gambling task. Furthermore, the impact of prior gains and losses on risky/safe card selection did not significantly differ between young and older adults. These results showed that the effect found in the Franken et al.’s study (2006) is limited in its generality.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2016 14:33
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 16:20
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/17419

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