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Soil compartment is a major determinant of the impact of simulated rainfall on desert microbiota

Aslam, Shazia N and Dumbrell, Alex J and Sabir, Jamal S and Mutwakil, Mohammed HZ and Baeshen, Mohammed MN and Abo-Aba, Salah EM and Clark, Dave R and Yates, Steven A and Baeshen, Nabih A and Underwood, Graham JC and McGenity, Terry J (2016) 'Soil compartment is a major determinant of the impact of simulated rainfall on desert microbiota.' Environmental Microbiology, 18 (12). pp. 5048-5062. ISSN 1462-2912

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Although desert soils support functionally important microbial communities that affect plant growth and influence many biogeochemical processes, the impact of future changes in precipitation patterns on the microbiota and their activities is largely unknown. We performed in-situ experiments to investigate the effect of simulated rainfall on bacterial communities associated with the widespread perennial shrub, Rhazya stricta in Arabian desert soils. The bacterial community composition was distinct between three different soil compartments: surface biological crust, root-attached, and the broader rhizosphere. Simulated rainfall had no significant effect on the overall bacterial community composition, but some population-level responses were observed, especially in soil crusts where Betaproteobacteria, Sphingobacteria, and Bacilli became more abundant. Bacterial biomass in the nutrient-rich crust increased three-fold one week after watering, whereas it did not change in the rhizosphere, despite its much higher water retention. These findings indicate that between rainfall events, desert-soil microbial communities enter into stasis, with limited species turnover, and reactivate rapidly and relatively uniformly when water becomes available. However, microbiota in the crust, which was relatively enriched in nutrients and organic matter, were primarily water-limited, compared with the rhizosphere microbiota that were co-limited by nutrients and water.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacteria; Water; Soil; Soil Microbiology; Ecosystem; Desert Climate; Rain; Rhizosphere; Microbiota
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2016 11:18
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:18

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