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Enhancement of group perception via a collaborative brain-computer interface

Valeriani, Davide and Poli, Riccardo and Cinel, Caterina (2017) 'Enhancement of group perception via a collaborative brain-computer interface.' IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 64 (6). pp. 1238-1248. ISSN 0018-9294

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Objective: We aimed at improving group performance in a challenging visual search task via a hybrid collaborative brain-computer interface (cBCI). Methods: Ten participants individually undertook a visual search task where a display was presented for 250 ms, and they had to decide whether a target was present or not. Local temporal correlation common spatial pattern (LTCCSP) was used to extract neural features from response-and stimulus-locked EEG epochs. The resulting feature vectorswere extended by including response times and features extracted from eye movements. A classifier was trained to estimate the confidence of each group member. cBCI-assisted group decisions were then obtained using a confidence-weighted majority vote. Results: Participants were combined in groups of different sizes to assess the performance of the cBCI. Results show that LTCCSP neural features, response times, and eye movement features significantly improve the accuracy of the cBCI over what we achieved with previous systems. For most group sizes, our hybrid cBCI yields group decisions that are significantly better than majority-based group decisions. Conclusion: The visual task considered here was much harder than a task we used in previous research. However, thanks to a range of technological enhancements, our cBCI has delivered a significant improvement over group decisions made by a standard majority vote. Significance: With previous cBCIs, groups may perform better than single non-BCI users. Here, cBCI-assisted groups are more accurate than identically sized non-BCI groups. This paves the way to a variety of real-world applications of cBCIs where reducing decision errors is vital.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs); decision making; electroencephalography
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2016 09:08
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 10:43

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