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Interactivity Mitigates the Impact of Working Memory Depletion on Mental Arithmetic Performance

Vallee-Tourangeau, Frédéric and Sirota, Miroslav and Vallee-Tourangeau, Gaëlle (2016) 'Interactivity Mitigates the Impact of Working Memory Depletion on Mental Arithmetic Performance.' Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 1 (26). ISSN 2365-7464

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Doing long sums in the absence of complementary actions or artefacts is a multi-step procedure that quickly taxes working memory; congesting the phonological loop further handicaps performance. In the experiment reported here, participants completed long sums either with hands down?the low interactivity condition?or by moving numbered tokens?the high interactivity condition?while they repeated ?the? continuously, loading the phonological loop, or not. As expected, interactivity and articulatory suppression substantially affected performance; critically, the effect of articulatory suppression was stronger in the low than in the high interactivity condition. In addition, independent measure of mathematics anxiety predicted the impact of articulatory suppression on performance only in the low (not high) interactivity condition. These findings suggest that interactivity augmented overall or systemic working memory resources and diminished the effect of mathematics anxiety, underscoring the importance of characterizing the properties of the system as it is configured by the dynamic agent-environment coupling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Interactivity, Mental Arithmetic, Articulatory Suppression, Working Memory, Math Anxiety, Systemic Cognition
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2016 09:58
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2019 11:15

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