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Muscle strength is associated with lower diastolic blood pressure in schoolchildren

Cohen, DD and López-Jaramillo, P and Fernández-Santos, JR and Castro-Piñero, J and Sandercock, GRH (2017) 'Muscle strength is associated with lower diastolic blood pressure in schoolchildren.' Preventive Medicine, 95. 1 - 6. ISSN 0091-7435

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Abstract

© 2016 Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) provides protection against the elevated blood pressure in overweight youth. Less is known regarding any similar protective effect of muscular fitness. We investigated how handgrip strength, an easy to implement measure of muscular strength, interacted with CRF and BMI to determine blood pressure in youth. We measured systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, handgrip strength (HG), CRF and body mass index (BMI) in n = 7329 10–16 year-olds (47% girls). We defined elevated blood pressure as > 91st percentile and Good HG as > 33rd percentile. Participants were classified as Fit or Unfit and as Normal or Overweight/Obese based on international standards. The prevalence of elevated SBP was 23%, and 44% of participants had elevated DBP. In unfit participants Good HG was associated with lower SBP (z = 0.41 (95%CI: 0.20–0.61) and DBP (z = 0.29 (95%CI: 0.12–0.47). In Overweight/Obese participants, DBP was z = 0.24 (95%CI: 0.14–0.34) lower in the Good (versus Low) HG group. Overweight/Obese participants with Good HG also had a 32% lower risk of elevated DBP (OR: 0.68, 95%CI: 0.57–0.82). This association was attenuated but remained important after adjusting for BMI (20% risk reduction, OR: 0.80, 95%CI: 0.63–1.01). Muscular fitness appears to play some protective role against the risk of elevated blood pressure; particularly for the more prevalent measure: elevated DBP (44%). Effects may be restricted to Overweight and Unfit youth it is these the increased risk of elevated BP is and are less likely to engage in traditional cardiorespiratory fitness training. Research to determine the effects of muscular fitness training on blood pressure is warranted in these subgroups.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2016 16:27
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2018 14:17
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/18039

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