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Design and synthesis of 5-aminolaevulinic acid/3-hydroxypyridinone conjugates for photodynamic therapy: Enhancement of protoporphyrin IX production and photo-toxicity in tumor cells

Zhou, T and Shao, LL and Battah, S and Zhu, CF and Hider, RC and Reeder, BJ and Jabeen, A and MacRobert, AJ and Ren, G and Liang, X (2016) 'Design and synthesis of 5-aminolaevulinic acid/3-hydroxypyridinone conjugates for photodynamic therapy: Enhancement of protoporphyrin IX production and photo-toxicity in tumor cells.' MedChemComm, 7 (6). 1190 - 1196. ISSN 2040-2503

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Abstract

© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016. 5-Aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) and its derivatives have been widely used in photodynamic therapy (PDT) as precursors of the photosensitizer, protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in dermatology and urology. However, ALA-PDT is limited by the low bioavailability of ALA due to the fact that ALA is poorly absorbed by cells by virtue of its zwitterionic nature at physiological pH. In order to improve the therapeutic effect and induce higher levels of PpIX, a series of ALA prodrugs were synthesized by the conjugation of ALA to 3-hydroxypyridin-4-one (HPO) iron chelator using an amino acid linkage via amide bonds. Pharmacokinetic studies indicated that one ALA-HPO conjugate significantly enhanced PpIX production in a range of tumor cell lines over ALA alone or the co-administration of ALA and CP94 (1,2-diethyl-3-hydroxypyridin-4-one). The intracellular porphyrin fluorescence levels showed good correlation with cellular photo-toxicity following light exposure, suggesting the potential application of the ALA-HPO conjugates in photodynamic therapy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2016 13:44
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2019 21:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/18144

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