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Social comparison, personal relative deprivation, and materialism

Kim, H and Callan, MJ and Gheorghiu, AI and Matthews, WJ (2017) 'Social comparison, personal relative deprivation, and materialism.' British Journal of Social Psychology, 56 (2). 373 - 392. ISSN 0144-6665

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Abstract

© 2016 The Authors. British Journal of Social Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society Across five studies, we found consistent evidence for the idea that personal relative deprivation (PRD), which refers to resentment stemming from the belief that one is deprived of deserved outcomes compared to others, uniquely contributes to materialism. In Study 1, self-reports of PRD positively predicted materialistic values over and above socioeconomic status, personal power, self-esteem, and emotional uncertainty. The experience of PRD starts with social comparison, and Studies 2 and 3 found that PRD mediated the positive relation between a tendency to make social comparisons of abilities and materialism. In Study 4, participants who learned that they had less (vs. similar) discretionary income than people like them reported a stronger desire for more money relative to donating more to charity. In Study 5, during a windfall-spending task, participants higher in PRD spent more on things they wanted relative to other spending categories (e.g., paying off debts).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2016 17:15
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 18:16
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/18214

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