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The Interrelations Between Social Class, Personal Relative Deprivation, and Prosociality

Callan, MJ and Kim, H and Gheorghiu, AI and Matthews, WJ (2017) 'The Interrelations Between Social Class, Personal Relative Deprivation, and Prosociality.' Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8 (6). 660 - 669. ISSN 1948-5514

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Abstract

We propose that personal relative deprivation (PRD)?the belief that one is worse off than similar others?plays a key role in the link between social class and prosociality. Across multiple samples and measures (total N=2,233), people higher in PRD were less inclined to help others. When considered in isolation, neither objective nor subjective socioeconomic status (SES) was meaningfully associated with prosociality. However, because people who believe themselves to be at the top of the socio-economic hierarchy are typically low in PRD, these variables act as mutual suppressors?the predictive validity of both is enhanced when they are considered simultaneously, revealing that both higher subjective SES and higher PRD are associated with lower prosociality. These results cast new light on the complex connections between relative social status and people?s willingness to act for the benefit of others.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: socioeconomic status; personal relative deprivation; social class; prosocial beliefs; prosocial behavior
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2016 11:23
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 16:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/18217

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