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Government Selection and Executive Powers: Constitutional Design in Parliamentary Democracies

Cheibub, JA and Martin, S and Rasch, BE (2015) 'Government Selection and Executive Powers: Constitutional Design in Parliamentary Democracies.' West European Politics, 38 (5). pp. 969-996. ISSN 0140-2382

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Abstract

Provisions for a parliamentary investiture vote have become increasingly common in parliamentary democracies. This article shows that investiture provisions were largely introduced when new constitutions were written or old ones fundamentally redesigned. It also shows that the constitutions that endowed executives with strong legislative agenda powers also endowed parliaments with strong mechanisms to select the executive. It is argued that constitution makers? decisions can be seen in principal?agent terms: strong investiture rules constitute an ex ante mechanism of parliamentary control ? that is, a mechanism to minimise adverse selection and reduce the risk of agency loss by parliament. The findings have two broad implications: from a constitutional point of view, parliamentary systems do not rely exclusively on ex post control mechanisms such as the no confidence vote to minimise agency loss; parliamentarism, at least today and as much as presidentialism, is the product of conscious constitutional design and not evolutionary adaptation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: parliamentarism; government formation; investiture vote; constitutional design
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2016 13:11
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:25
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/18282

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