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Why electoral systems don't always matter: The impact of 'mega-seats' on legislative behaviour in Ireland

Martin, S (2014) 'Why electoral systems don't always matter: The impact of 'mega-seats' on legislative behaviour in Ireland.' Party Politics, 20 (3). pp. 467-479. ISSN 1354-0688

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Abstract

A significant and influential body of research suggests that electoral systems influence legislators? behavior. Yet, empirical research frequently fails to uncover the existence of such a relationship. This study offers a potential solution: The core suggestion is that the mechanisms by which prized post-election positions (mega-seats) are distributed within a legislature impacts legislative behavior. When party leaders cartelize the allocation of mega-seats, the anticipated effects of the electoral system on legislators? behavior may dissolve. Ireland?s candidate-centered electoral system and party-controlled mega-seat allocation provides for a hard empirical test of the argument. New data on mega-seats and voting behavior in the Irish parliament between 1980 and 2010 supports the notion that mega-seat considerations rather than the electoral system shapes roll-call behavior. The implication is that what goes on within the legislature may be more important for influencing legislators? behavior than what goes on at the ballot box. This observation may resolve the puzzle of why electoral systems do not always exert their purported influence.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2016 13:22
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:25
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/18285

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