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<scp>DNA</scp> sequence properties that predict susceptibility to epiallelic switching

Catoni, Marco and Griffiths, Jayne and Becker, Claude and Zabet, Nicolae Radu and Bayon, Carlos and Dapp, Mélanie and Lieberman‐Lazarovich, Michal and Weigel, Detlef and Paszkowski, Jerzy (2017) '<scp>DNA</scp> sequence properties that predict susceptibility to epiallelic switching.' The EMBO Journal, 36 (5). pp. 617-628. ISSN 0261-4189

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Abstract

Transgenerationally heritable epialleles are defined by the stable propagation of alternative transcriptional states through mitotic and meiotic cell cycles. Given that the propagation of DNA methylation at CpG sites, mediated in Arabidopsis by MET1, plays a central role in epigenetic inheritance, we examined genomewide DNA methylation in partial and complete loss-of-function met1 mutants. We interpreted the data in relation to transgenerational epiallelic stability, which allowed us to classify chromosomal targets of epigenetic regulation into (i) single copy and methylated exclusively at CpGs, readily forming epialleles, and (ii) transposon-derived, methylated at all cytosines, which may or may not form epialleles. We provide evidence that DNA sequence features such as density of CpGs and genomic repetitiveness of the loci predispose their susceptibility to epiallelic switching. The importance and predictive power of these genetic features were confirmed by analyses of common epialleles in natural Arabidopsis accessions, epigenetic recombinant inbred lines (epiRILs) and also verified in rice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA methylation; epialleles; epigenetic; transcriptional silencing
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2017 13:49
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2022 15:29
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/18788

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