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Collaborative Brain-Computer Interfaces in Rapid Image Presentation and Motion Pictures

Matran-Fernandez, A (2017) Collaborative Brain-Computer Interfaces in Rapid Image Presentation and Motion Pictures. PhD thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

The last few years have seen an increase in brain-computer interface (BCI) research for the able-bodied population. One of these new branches involves collaborative BCIs (cBCIs), in which information from several users is combined to improve the performance of a BCI system. This thesis is focused on cBCIs with the aim of increasing understanding of how they can be used to improve performance of single-user BCIs based on event-related potentials (ERPs). The objectives are: (1) to study and compare different methods of creating groups using exclusively electroencephalography (EEG) signals, (2) to develop a theoretical model to establish where the highest gains may be expected from creating groups, and (3) to analyse the information that can be extracted by merging signals from multiple users. For this, two scenarios involving real-world stimuli (images presented at high rates and movies) were studied. The first scenario consisted of a visual search task in which images were presented at high frequencies. Three modes of combining EEG recordings from different users were tested to improve the detection of different ERPs, namely the P300 (associated with the presence of events of interest) and the N2pc (associated with shifts of attention). We showed that the detection and localisation of targets can improve significantly when information from multiple viewers is combined. In the second scenario, feature movies were introduced to study variations in ERPs in response to cuts through cBCI techniques. A distinct, previously unreported, ERP appears in relation to such cuts, the amplitude of which is not modulated by visual effects such as the low-level properties of the frames surrounding the discontinuity. However, significant variations that depended on the movie were found. We hypothesise that these techniques can be used to build on the attentional theory of cinematic continuity by providing an extra source of information: the brain.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: brain-computer interface, BCI, movie, attention, rapid serial visual presentation, RSVP
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Ana Matran-Fernandez
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2017 15:22
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2018 18:44
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/19204

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