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Auxiliary Force Structure: Paramilitary Forces and Pro-Government Militias

Böhmelt, T and Clayton, G (2018) 'Auxiliary Force Structure: Paramilitary Forces and Pro-Government Militias.' Comparative Political Studies, 51 (2). 197 - 237. ISSN 0010-4140

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Abstract

Governments often supplement the regular military with paramilitaries and pro-government militias (PGMs). However, it is unclear what determines states? selection of these auxiliary forces, and our understanding of how auxiliary force structures develop remains limited. The crucial difference between the two auxiliary types is their embeddedness in official structures. Paramilitaries are organized under the government to support/replace the regular military, while PGMs exist outside the state apparatus. Within a principal-agent framework, we argue that a state?s investment in a particular auxiliary force structure is shaped by available resources and capacity, accountability/deniability, and domestic threats. Our results based on quantitative analysis in 1981-2007 find that (1) state capacity is crucial for sustain- ing paramilitaries, but not PGMs, (2) PGMs, unlike paramilitaries, are more common in states involved in civil conflict, and (3) although both paramilitaries and PGMs are associated with regime instability, there is no significant difference between them in that context.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Auxiliary Forces, Paramilitaries, Pro-Government Militias, Security-Force Structure, Competing Risks Analysis
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Tobias Bohmelt
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2017 15:06
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 12:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/19346

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