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Pathbreakers? Women's Electoral Success and Future Political Participation

Bhalotra, S and Clots-Figueras, I and Iyer, L (2017) 'Pathbreakers? Women's Electoral Success and Future Political Participation.' Economic Journal. ISSN 0013-0133

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Abstract

We investigate whether the event of women being competitively elected as state legislators encourages subsequent political participation among women. Using a regression discontinuity design on Indian constituency level data, we find that female incumbents are more likely than male incumbents to re-contest and that there is a decline in the entry of new women candidates. This decline is most pronounced in states with entrenched gender bias and in male-headed parties, suggesting an intensification of barriers against women in these areas. Similar results for (mostly male) Muslim candidates indicate the presence of institutionalised demand-side barriers rather than gender-specific preferences and constraints.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Political participation; women; candidates; gender bias; backlash; minority representation; regression discontinuity; India
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Women
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 17:37
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 21:17
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/19351

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