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Social Evolution, Progress and Teleology in Spencer's Synthetic Philosophy and Freudian Psychoanalysis

Nascimento, L (2016) 'Social Evolution, Progress and Teleology in Spencer's Synthetic Philosophy and Freudian Psychoanalysis.' History of the Human Sciences. ISSN 0952-6951 (In Press)

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Abstract

This article aims to compare notions of progress and evolution in the social theories of Freud and Spencer. It argues 1) that the two authors had similarly complex theories that contained mixed elements of positivism and teleology; 2) In its positivist elements, both authors made use of unified natural laws and, in its teleological aspect, they made use of notions of final cause in that progress and the evolution of civilization was understood as a linear path of progressive development with an aim, 3) that that aim was both ethno- as well as - in Freud?s case in particular ? self-centric and, finally, 4) that such understanding of natural law led to ethical commitments to the individual.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CB History of civilization
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Psychosocial and Psychoanalytic Studies, Department of
Depositing User: Leonardo Nascimento
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 15:26
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:17
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/19578

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