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Theory and Practice of Human Security concerns in EU-Japan relations: the EU perspective

Harnisch, Sebastian (2017) Theory and Practice of Human Security concerns in EU-Japan relations: the EU perspective. Discussion Paper. University of Essex, EU-Japan Security Cooperation: Challenges and Opportunities project, Online paper series, Spring/Summer 2017, Colchester, UK. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The European Union, its member states and Japan differ somewhat in their approaches to human security. Most European states tend to emphasize ‘freedom from fear’. Some prefer ‘freedom to take action on one’s own behalf’ while Japan stresses ‘freedom from want’. Realists posit that these differences arise from power (a-)symmetries between the United States and its partners and/or the relative positioning of the EU and Japan vis-à-vis other powers. Liberals tend to emphasis ideational or commercial preferences in respective aid policies when explaining the commonalities and divergence between the two. Social constructivists, in turn, argue that pacifist and humanitarian self-identifications are crucial when accounting for the prominent role of Japan, the EU, its member states in this field. Drawing on this work, this paper first describes and explains the emergence of the EU institutions’ positioning on the issue. It then extends this research to EU member states. A brief comparative analysis of trends of convergence and divergence with the Japanese position is conducted. It concludes by finding significant potential for a reinvigorated human security policy by EU institutions with support from some and tolerance from most of its member states.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Additional Information: Threat Perceptions and Responses in the EU and Japan, Japanisch-Deutsches Zentrum, Berlin, 9-10 Feb 2017
Uncontrolled Keywords: European Union, EU member states, Japan, Human Security
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Susan Sydenham
Date Deposited: 19 May 2017 09:08
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 10:20
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/19655

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