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The Effects of Arousal Reappraisal on Stress Responses, Performance and Attention

Sammy, N and Anstiss, PA and Moore, LJ and Freeman, P and Wilson, MR and Vine, SJ (2017) 'The Effects of Arousal Reappraisal on Stress Responses, Performance and Attention.' Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 30 (6). 619 - 629. ISSN 1061-5806

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: This study examined the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention under pressurized conditions. A recent study by Moore et al. [2015. Reappraising threat: How to optimize performance under pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37(3), 339?343. doi:10.1123/jsep.2014-0186] suggested that arousal reappraisal is beneficial to the promotion of challenge states and leads to improvements in single-trial performance. This study aimed to further the work of Moore and colleagues (2015) by examining the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention in a multi-trial pressurized performance situation. Design and Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to either an arousal reappraisal intervention or control condition, and completed a pressurized dart throwing task. The intervention encouraged participants to view their physiological arousal as facilitative rather than debilitative to performance. Measures of cardiovascular reactivity, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, task performance and attention were recorded. Results: The reappraisal group displayed more favorable cardiovascular reactivity and reported higher resource evaluations and higher self-confidence than the control group but no task performance or attention effects were detected. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate the strength of arousal reappraisal in promoting adaptive stress responses, perceptions of resources and self-confidence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Challenge, threat, psychophysiology, cardiovascular, attention
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Paul Freeman
Date Deposited: 26 May 2017 15:39
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2018 16:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/19730

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