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Effects of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation on cardiorespiratory fitness: A meta-analysis of UK studies

Almodhy, Meshal and Ingle, Lee and Sandercock, Gavin R (2016) 'Effects of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation on cardiorespiratory fitness: A meta-analysis of UK studies.' International Journal of Cardiology, 221. pp. 644-651. ISSN 0167-5273

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Background Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation can promote meaningful improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) but the magnitude of such improvements varies according to local characteristics of exercise programmes. We aimed to determine if cardiac rehabilitation (CR), as practised in the United Kingdom (UK), could promote meaningful changes in fitness and to identify programme characteristics which may moderate these changes. Methods Electronic and manual searches to identify UK CR studies reporting fitness at baseline and follow up. Change in fitness (Δfitness) was expressed as mean difference (95% CI) and effect size (ES). A random effects model was used to calculate the mean estimate for change in Δfitness. Between-group heterogeneity was quantified (Q) and investigated using planned sub-group analyses. Results We identified n = 11 studies containing 16 patient groups (n = 1 578) which used the incremental shuttle walking test (ISWT) (distance walked) to assess fitness. The overall mean estimate for Δfitness showed a significant increase in distance walked (ES = 0.48, P < 0.001), but this estimate was highly heterogeneous (Q = 77.1, P < 0.001, I2 = 81%). Sub-group analyses showed significantly greater ES (Q = 3.94, P = 0.046) for Δfitness in patients prescribed n > 12 exercise sessions compared with those receiving n ≤ 12 sessions. Conclusion We found significant increases in fitness (based on ISWT) in patients attending exercise-based CR in the UK. However, UK studies provide approximately one-third of the exercise “dose”, and produce gains in fitness less than half the magnitude reported in international studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Physical Fitness; United Kingdom; Cardiac Rehabilitation; Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2017 14:34
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 14:47

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