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Fiscal sustainability and demographic change: a micro-approach for 27 EU countries

Dolls, M and Doorley, K and Paulus, A and Schneider, H and Siegloch, S and Sommer, E (2017) 'Fiscal sustainability and demographic change: a micro-approach for 27 EU countries.' International Tax and Public Finance, 24 (4). 575 - 615. ISSN 0927-5940

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Abstract

© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York. The effect of demographic change on the labor force and on fiscal revenues is topical in light of potential pension shortfalls. This paper evaluates the effect of demographic changes between 2010 and 2030 on labor force participation and government budgets in the EU-27. Our analysis involves the incorporation of population projections, and an explicit modeling of the supply and demand side of the labor market. Our approach overcomes key shortcomings of most existing studies that focus only on labor supply when assessing the effects of policy reforms. Ignoring wage reactions greatly understates the increase in fiscal revenues, suggesting that fiscal strain from demographic change might be less severe than currently perceived. Beyond, our micro-based approach captures the impact on fiscal revenues more accurately than previous studies. Finally, as a policy response to demographic change and worsening fiscal budgets, we simulate the increase in the statutory retirement age. Our policy simulations confirm that raising the statutory retirement age can balance fiscal budgets in the long run.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2017 15:10
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2019 16:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20089

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