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PreImplantation Factor (PIF) promotes HLA-G, -E, -F, -C expression in JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells and endogenous progesterone activity

Hakam, MS and Miranda-Sayago, JM and Hayrabedyan, S and Todorova, K and Spencer, PS and Jabeen, A and Barnea, ER and Fernandez, N (2017) 'PreImplantation Factor (PIF) promotes HLA-G, -E, -F, -C expression in JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells and endogenous progesterone activity.' Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 43 (6). ISSN 1015-8987

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy success requires mandatory maternal tolerance of the semi/allogeneic embryo involving embryo-derived signals. Expression levels of PreImplantation Factor (PIF), a novel peptide secreted by viable embryos, correlate with embryo development, and its early detection in circulation correlates with a favourable pregnancy outcome. PIF enhances endometrial receptivity to promote embryo implantation. Via the p53 pathway, it increases trophoblast invasion, improving cell survival / immune privilege. PIF also reduces spontaneous and LPS-induced foetal death in immune naïve murine model. AIMS: To examine if PIF affects gene expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G, -E -F and -C in JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells, and to examine the influence of PIF on local progesterone activity. Methods: PIF and progesterone (P4) effects on JEG-3 cells surface and intracellular HLA molecules was tested using monoclonal antibodies, flow cytometry, and Western blotting. PIF and IL17 effects on P4 and cytokines secretion was determined by ELISA. PIF and P4 effects on JEG-3 cells proteome was examined using 2D gel staining followed by spot analysis, mass spectrometry and bioinformatic analysis. RESULTS: In cytotrophoblastic JEG-3 cells PIF increased intracellular expression of HLA-G, HLA-F, HLA-E and HLA-C and surface expression of HLA-G, HLA-E and HLA-C in dose and time dependent manner. In case of HLA-E, F confirmed also by Western blotting. Proteome analysis confirmed an increase in HLA-G, pro-tolerance FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs), coagulation factors and complement regulator. In contrast, PIF reduced PRDX2 and HSP70s to negate oxidative stress and protein misfolding. PIF enhanced local progesterone activity, increasing steroid secretion and the receptor protein. It also promoted the secretion of the Th1/Th2 cytokines (IL-10, IL-1β, IL-8, GM-CSF and TGF-β1), resulting in improved maternal signalling. CONCLUSION: PIF can generate a pro-tolerance milieu by enhancing the expression of HLA molecules and by amplifying endogenous progesterone activity. A Fast-Track clinical trial for autoimmune disease has been satisfactorily completed. The acquired data warrants PIF use for the treatment of early pregnancy disorders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Preimplantation Factor (PIF), HLA-G, Progesterone, Cytokines, Trophoblast, Regulation
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2017 14:58
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2019 21:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20285

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