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Measurements of heterotypic associations between cluster of differentiation CD74 and CD44 in human breast cancer-derived cells

Al Ssadh, H and Spencer, PS and Alabdulmenaim, W and Alghamdi, R and Madar, IM and Miranda-Sayago, JM and Fernandez, N (2017) 'Measurements of heterotypic associations between cluster of differentiation CD74 and CD44 in human breast cancer-derived cells.' Oncotarget, 8. 92143 - 92156. ISSN 1949-2553

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Abstract

Interactions between pairs of membrane-bound receptors can enhance tumour development with implications for targeted therapies for cancer. Here we demonstrate clear heterotypic interaction between cluster of differentiation (CD) 74 and CD44, which might act in synergy and hence contribute to breast cancer progression. CD74, a type II transmembrane glycoprotein, is a chaperone for MHC class II biosynthesis and a receptor for the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF). CD44 is the receptor for hyaluronic acid and is a type II transmembrane protein. Interactions between CD74, MIF and the intra-cytoplasmic domain of CD44 result in activation of ERK1/2, leading to increased cell proliferation and decreased apoptosis. The level of CD44 in the breast tumor cell lines CAMA-1, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-435 and the immortalized normal luminal cell line 226LDM was higher than that of CD74. It was also observed that CD74 and CD44 exhibit significant variation in expression levels across the cells. CD74 and CD44 were observed to accumulate in cytoplasmic compartments, suggesting they associate with each other to facilitate tumour growth and metastasis. Use of a novel and validated colocalisation and image processing approach, coupled with co-immunoprecipitation, confirmed that CD74 and CD44 physically interact, suggesting a possible role in breast tumour growth. This is the first time that CD74 and CD44 colocalization has been quantified in breast cancer cells using a non-invasive validated bioimaging procedure. Measuring the co-expression levels of CD74 and CD44 could potentially be used as a 'biomarker signature' to monitor different stages of breast cancer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CD74, CD44, CD44v, co-localization, isoforms
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Life Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 09:50
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 17:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20288

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