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The effect of school spending on student achievement: Addressing biases in value-added models

Nicoletti, C and Rabe, B (2017) 'The effect of school spending on student achievement: Addressing biases in value-added models.' Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A, (Statistics in Society). ISSN 0964-1998

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Abstract

The estimation of education production models used to evaluate the effect of school inputs and past skills on test scores, often called value-added models, can be biased by three main econometric issues: unobserved child characteristics, unobserved family and school characteristics and measurement error. We propose a two-step estimation technique which exploits the availability of test scores across time, subjects, families and schools in a unique administrative data set for England to correct for these potential biases. Our empirical results suggest that omitting school characteristics biases the estimation of the effect of school expenditure, whereas omitting unobserved child endowment biases the estimation of the effect of past skills but not the effect of school expenditure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Education production function, School quality, Test scores
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 10:59
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 10:59
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20392

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