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Heartfelt embodiment: Changes in body-ownership and self-identification produce distinct changes in interoceptive accuracy

Filippetti, ML and Tsakiris, M (2017) 'Heartfelt embodiment: Changes in body-ownership and self-identification produce distinct changes in interoceptive accuracy.' Cognition, 159. 1 - 10. ISSN 0010-0277

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Interoceptive and exteroceptive information are both essential for the construction and update of self-awareness. Whereas several studies have shown how interoceptive accuracy or cardiac feedback influences body-awareness, no studies have looked at the reverse effect, namely how exteroceptively-driven changes in body-ownership and self-identification can influence individuals’ ability to detect internal bodily signals. We exposed participants to the Rubber Hand Illusion (Experiment 1) and to the Enfacement Illusion (Experiment 2), and tested how this change in the sense of body-ownership and self-identification affected their interoceptive accuracy (IAcc). The heartbeat-counting task was used to measure IAcc before the bodily illusions, and then the same task was interleaved with periods of visuo-tactile stimulation, during which synchronous and asynchronous multisensory stimulation was applied. We found that a change in body-ownership significantly improved performance of participants with lower interoceptive accuracy. In contrast, a change in self-identification significantly decreased performance of participants with higher interoceptive accuracy. These results suggest that changes in different domains of self-awareness can differentially impact individuals’ ability to accurately detect signals arising from within the body, highlighting the distinct role that interoceptive signals play for different facets of bodily self-consciousness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-awareness; Body-ownership; Self-identification; Interoceptive accuracy; Rubber Hand Illusion; Enfacement Illusion
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 13:41
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2018 11:33

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