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Conflict Fragmentation Index

Ari, B and Gizelis, T (2017) 'Conflict Fragmentation Index.' Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, 23 (4). ISSN 1079-2457

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Abstract

It is widely accepted that fragmentation influences conflict processes in a profound way. Multi-party conflicts with several fronts are notoriously hard to resolve. However, there is no easily computable measure to approximate conflict fragmentation. In this article, we introduce the Conflict Fragmentation Index (CFI), which is computed by adapting the Herfindahl–Hirschman Index. The CFI considers the relative prominence of each dyadic-level conflict-fronts nested in the entire civil war. The relative prominence is approximated by using available information on conflict casualties. The CFI is time-variant and highly sensitive to battlefield dynamics. The flexibility of CFI can bring several advantages. Most notably, it is possible to calculate monthly or even daily measures of conflict fragmentation by taking state-based (government vs NSA) as well as non-state based (NSA vs NSA) conflicts into account. Overall, the CFI provides a theoretically-informed and easy to compute measure to approximate conflict fragmentation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fragmentation, Conflict, Conflict duration, Splintering
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2017 08:10
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2018 11:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20547

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