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Learning facts during aging: the benefits of curiosity

Galli, G and Sirota, M and Gruber, MJ and Ivanof, BE and Ganesh, J and Materassi, M and Thorpe, A and Loaiza, V and Cappelletti, M and Craik, FIM (2018) 'Learning facts during aging: the benefits of curiosity.' Experimental Aging Research, 44 (4). pp. 311-328. ISSN 0361-073X

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Background/Study Context: Recent studies have shown that young adults better remember factual information they are curious about. It is not entirely clear, however, whether this effect is retained during aging. Here, we investigated curiosity-driven memory benefits in young and elderly individuals. Methods: In two experiments, young (age range 18-26) and older (age range 65-89) adults read trivia questions, and rated their curiosity to find out the answer. They also attended to task-irrelevant faces presented between the trivia question and the answer. We then administered a surprise memory test to assess recall accuracy for trivia answers, and recognition memory performance for the incidentally-learned faces. Results: In both young and elderly adults, recall performance was higher for answers to questions that elicited high levels of curiosity. In Experiment 1 we also found that faces presented in temporal proximity to curiosity-eliciting trivia questions were better recognized, indicating that the beneficial effects of curiosity extended to the encoding of task-irrelevant material. Conclusions: These findings show that elderly individuals benefit from the memory-enhancing effects of curiosity. This may lead to the implementation of learning strategies that target and stimulate curiosity in aging.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Depression; Exploratory Behavior; Cognition; Learning; Memory; Mental Recall; Psychomotor Performance; Neuropsychological Tests; Aging; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Female; Male; Young Adult; Recognition, Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2017 16:02
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:43

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