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Spiritual Well-Being, Depression, and Stress Among Hemodialysis Patients in Jordan

Musa, AS and Pevalin, DJ and Al Khalaileh, MAA (2018) 'Spiritual Well-Being, Depression, and Stress Among Hemodialysis Patients in Jordan.' Journal of Holistic Nursing, 36 (4). pp. 354-365. ISSN 0898-0101

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Purpose: The spiritual dimension of a patient’s life is an important factor that may mediate detrimental impacts on mental health. The lack of research investigating spiritual well-being, religiosity, and mental health among Jordanian hemodialysis patients encouraged this research. This study explored levels of spiritual well-being and its associations with depression, anxiety, and stress. Design: A quantitative, cross-sectional correlational study. Method: A sample of 218 Jordanian Muslim hemodialysis patients completed a structured, self-administered questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and linear multivariate regression models. Findings: The hemodialysis patients had, on average, relatively low levels of spiritual well-being, moderate depression, severe anxiety, and mild to moderate stress. The results of the regression models indicated that aspects of spiritual well-being were negatively associated with depression, anxiety, and stress, but only existential well-being consistently retained significant associations after controlling for religious well-being, religiosity, and sociodemographic variables. Conclusions: Greater spiritual and existential well-being of Jordanian hemodialysis patients were significantly associated with less depression, anxiety, and stress. It appears that these patients use religious and spiritual beliefs and practices as coping mechanisms to overcome their depression, anxiety, and stress. The implications for holistic clinical practice are explored.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: spirituality; religiosity; depression; anxiety; stress; hemodialysis; Jordan
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental Health
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2017 09:48
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:43

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