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Job insecurity and discretionary behaviors: Social exchange perspective versus group value model

Piccoli, B and De Witte, H and Reisel, WD (2017) 'Job insecurity and discretionary behaviors: Social exchange perspective versus group value model.' Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 58 (1). 69 - 79. ISSN 0036-5564

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Abstract

This study examines the relationship between job insecurity and discretionary behaviors, that is, organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) and counterproductive work behaviors (CWB), with the purpose to extend knowledge on the theoretical explanations for these outcomes. Considering the employment relationship with the organization, two different perspectives are suggested and compared in a multiple mediator model, in order to understand the reasons for discretionary behaviors. We draw upon social exchange theory as the basis of psychological contract perceptions and we rely on the group value model to explain organizational justice evaluations. A total of 570 blue-collar workers in Italy participated in our survey. The results show that job insecurity is indirectly related to OCB and CWB through psychological contract breach and organizational injustice. Both mediational mechanisms have equivalent strength in explaining the relationships, namely, they are complementary processes in accounting for both behaviors. These findings suggest that employees’ behaviors in job insecure contexts are driven not only by concerns related to the exchange of resources with the organization, but also by evaluations about their value as important members of the group.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Job insecurity, discretionary behaviors, psychological contract breach, social exchange theory, organizational injustice, group value model
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD58.7 Organizational behavior, change and effectiveness. Corporate culture
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2017 12:07
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2018 22:16
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20766

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