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Nation-building Through Compulsory Schooling during the Age of Mass Migration

Bandiera, Oriana and Mohnen, Myra and Rasul, Imran and Viarengo, Martina (2019) 'Nation-building Through Compulsory Schooling during the Age of Mass Migration.' The Economic Journal, 129 (617). 62 - 109. ISSN 0013-0133

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Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>Why did America introduce compulsory schooling laws at a time when financial investments in education and voluntary school attendance were high? We provide qualitative and quantitative evidence that states adopted compulsory schooling laws as a nation-building tool to instil civic values to the culturally diverse migrants during the ‘Age of Mass Migration’ between 1850 and 1914. We show the adoption of compulsory schooling laws occurred significantly earlier in states that hosted European migrants with lower exposure to civic values in their home countries. Using cross-county data, we show that these migrants had significantly lower demand for American schooling pre-compulsion.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2018 16:57
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2019 17:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/20928

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