Research Repository

The Role of Verbal Instruction and Visual Guidance in Training Pattern Recognition

North, JS and Hope, E and Williams, AM (2017) 'The Role of Verbal Instruction and Visual Guidance in Training Pattern Recognition.' Frontiers in Psychology, 8. ISSN 1664-1078

[img]
Preview
Text
fpsyg-08-01473.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

We used a novel approach to examine whether it is possible to improve the perceptual–cognitive skill of pattern recognition using a video-based training intervention. Moreover, we investigated whether any improvements in pattern recognition transfer to an improved ability to make anticipation judgments. Finally, we compared the relative effectiveness of verbal and visual guidance interventions compared to a group that merely viewed the same sequences without any intervention and a control group that only completed pre- and post-tests. We found a significant effect for time of testing. Participants were more sensitive in their ability to perceive patterns and distinguish between novel and familiar sequences at post- compared to pre-test. However, this improvement was not influenced by the nature of the intervention, despite some trends in the data. An analysis of anticipation accuracy showed no change from pre- to post-test following the pattern recognition training intervention, suggesting that the link between pattern perception and anticipation may not be strong. We present a series of recommendations for scientists and practitioners when employing training methods to improve pattern recognition and anticipation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sport
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2018 14:24
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2018 15:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21161

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item