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Decision-making competence in younger and older adults: which cognitive abilities contribute to the application of decision rules?

Rosi, Alessia and Bruine de Bruin, Wändi and Del Missier, Fabio and Cavallini, Elena and Russo, Riccardo (2017) 'Decision-making competence in younger and older adults: which cognitive abilities contribute to the application of decision rules?' Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition. 1 - 16. ISSN 1382-5585

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Abstract

Older adults perform worse than younger adults when applying decision rules to choose between options that vary along multiple attributes. Although previous studies have shown that general fluid cognitive abilities contribute to the accurate application of decision rules, relatively little is known about which specific cognitive abilities play the most important role. We examined the independent roles of working memory, verbal fluency, semantic knowledge, and components of executive functioning. We found that age-related decline in applying decision rules was statistically mediated by age-related decline in working memory and verbal fluency. Our results have implications for theories of aging and decision-making.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aging, decision-making competence, memory, executive functioning, individual differences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2018 14:16
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2018 14:16
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21347

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