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The Influence of Job Insecurity on Task and Contextual Performance: The Mediational Role of Overall Job Attitude

Piccoli, Beatrice and Setti, Ilaria and Filippi, Zeno and Argentero, Piergiorgio and Bellotto, Massimo (2013) 'The Influence of Job Insecurity on Task and Contextual Performance: The Mediational Role of Overall Job Attitude.' International Journal of Business Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-162. ISSN 1555-1296

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Job insecurity, that is the perceived threat of losing the current job, has become an increasing concern for organizations in the last decade mainly due to uncertain economic conditions and global competition. In this study, we intend to examine in particular the mechanisms through which job insecurity affects work performance, a criterion of central interest to management scholars. Drawing on the compatibility principle in attitude theory, we proposed that overall job attitude (job satisfaction and affective commitment) predicts behavioural criteria in response to job insecurity. In particular, relying on social exchange theory and rational choice theory two predictions were compared: job insecurity can be an harmful stressor with negative strain reactions (behavioural withdrawal, low performance) or a challenge stressor that motivates employees to engage actively in actions coping with the threat (higher performance). A sample of 570 Italian employees were used to test the hypotheses derived from our framework. Results from structural equations provided support for the social exchange model, showing the negative influence of job insecurity (as hindrance stressor) on task and contextual performance, i.e., in-role and extra-role behaviours.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Job Insecurity; Task and Contextual Performance; Overall Job Attitude; Social Exchange Theory; Rational Choice Theory; Hindrance Stressor-Challenge Stressor Framework
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2019 08:58
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:48

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