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Human and Economic Resources for Empowerment and Prenatal Mental Health in the Arab Middle East: A systematic review

James-Hawkins, Laurie and Shaltout, Eman and Nur, Aasli and Nasrallah, Catherine and Qutteina, Yara and Abdul Rahim, Hanan and Hennink, Monique and Yount, Kathryn (2018) 'Human and Economic Resources for Empowerment and Prenatal Mental Health in the Arab Middle East: A systematic review.' Archives of Women's Mental Health. ISSN 1434-1816

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Abstract

Purpose: This systematic review synthesizes research on the influence of human and economic resources for women’s empowerment on their pre- and post-natal mental health, understudied in the Arab world. Methods: We include articles using quantitative methods from Pub Med and Web of Science. Two researchers reviewed databases and selected articles, double reviewing five percent of articles designated for inclusion. Twenty-four articles met inclusion criteria. All 24 articles measured depression as an outcome, and three included additional mental health outcomes. Results: Nine of 17 studies found an inverse association between education and depression; two of 12 studies found contradictory associations between employment and depression, and four of six studies found a positive association between financial stress and depression. These results suggest that there is a negative association between education and depression and a positive association between financial stress and depression among women in the Arab world. Firm conclusions warrant caution due to limited studies meeting inclusion criteria and large heterogeneity in mental health scales used, assessment measures, and definitions of human and economic resources for women’s empowerment. Conclusions: It is likely that education reduces depression among post-partum women and that financial stress increases their depression. These findings can be used to aid in the design of interventions to improve mother and child outcomes. However, more research in the Arab world is needed on the relationship between human and economic resources for women’s empowerment and perinatal mental health, and more consistency is needed in how resources and mental health are measured.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Women
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental Health
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2018 15:50
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2018 10:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21756

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