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Rural masters and urban militants in early twentieth-century South Africa

Krikler, J (2017) 'Rural masters and urban militants in early twentieth-century South Africa.' The Historical Journal, 60 (03). 771 - 793. ISSN 0018-246X

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Abstract

White farmers in South Africa, a landowning class that subordinated black tenants and workers, also participated in the suppression of white workers’ movements before and after the First World War. This article explores how class interest limited and then overrode the farmers’ expected ethnic and political solidarities. It focuses especially on the contradictory ways in which farmers related to the great mineworkers’ strike and rebellion of 1922. Some contemporaries expected that racial solidarity, Afrikaner nationalism, and familial links would lead landowners to side, even militarily, with the white workers. Appeals were made to farmers by both sides of the struggle in 1922, and there was some significant support for the strikers from them. But the upheaval ran counter to landowners’ interests, notably by dislocating their primary urban market at a time of severe economic difficulty. In the end, farmers rode once more into the towns against the workers.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DT Africa
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities > History, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2018 13:10
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2018 15:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21761

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