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“Whatever it takes” to resolve the European sovereign debt crisis? Bond pricing regime switches and monetary policy effects

Afonso, Antonio and Arghyrou, Michael and Gadea, María Dolore and Kontonikas, Alexandros (2018) '“Whatever it takes” to resolve the European sovereign debt crisis? Bond pricing regime switches and monetary policy effects.' Journal of International Money and Finance, 86. 1 - 30. ISSN 0261-5606

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Abstract

This paper investigates the role of unconventional monetary policy as a source of time-variation in the relationship between sovereign bond yield spreads and their fundamental determinants. We use a two-step empirical approach. First, we apply a time-varying parameter panel modelling framework to determine shifts in the pricing regime characterising sovereign bond markets in the euro area over the period January 1999 to July 2016. Second, we estimate the impact of ECB policy interventions on the time varying risk factor sensitivities of spreads. Our results provide evidence of a new bond-pricing regime following the announcement of the Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT) programme in August 2012. This regime is characterised by a weakened link between spreads and fundamentals, but with higher spreads relative to the pre-crisis period and residual redenomination risk. We also find that unconventional monetary policy measures affect the pricing of sovereign risk not only directly, but also indirectly through changes in banking risk. Overall, the actions of the ECB have operated as catalysts for reversing the dynamics of the European sovereign debt crisis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: euro area, spreads, crisis, time-varying relationship, unconventional monetary policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School > Essex Finance Centre
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2018 15:23
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 01:00
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21811

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