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Socio-demographic differences in Colombian children's muscular fitness: Does scaling for differences in body size present a challenge to conventional thinking?

Nevill, Alan M and Sandercock, Gavin and Duncan, Michael J and Lahart, Ian and Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique and Ramirez-Velez, Robinson (2018) 'Socio-demographic differences in Colombian children's muscular fitness: Does scaling for differences in body size present a challenge to conventional thinking?' American Journal of Human Biology, 30 (4). ISSN 1042-0533

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Abstract

Objectives: In low- to middle-income countries, children from less-deprived areas (from families of higher socio-economic status [SES]) have superior muscular fitness than those from low-SES groups. They are also taller and heavier, factors associated with muscular fitness. The purpose of this study was to identifying any socio-demographic differences in Colombian children’s muscular fitness and examining how these conclusions can be modified by scaling for differences in body size. Methods: A total 38,098 youths (46% girls), of 9th grade students (aged 14 to 15 years) participated using a cross-sectional design. We recorded socio-economic status and family incomes, stature and mass. Standing broad jump and handgrip strength were used to assess muscular fitness. A multiplicative allometric model was adopted to adjust for body-size differences. Results: Children from the mid- to high-SES groups jumped significantly higher than the children from lowest SES group, although no SES group difference in grip strength was observed. After adjusting for body size, children from higher SES and with higher family incomes had significantly lower handgrip strength, and their superior jump height performances remained but were greatly reduced. Only children from the highest SES now jumped significantly higher that the lowest SES group. Conclusions: The superior jump performance and no difference in handgrip strength of Colombian children from higher SES may simply reflect their superior physiques. When body size is accounted for, these differences are reduced or even reversed suggesting that children from higher SES groups should not be complacent regarding their apparent superior muscular fitness.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2018 10:02
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2019 01:00
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/22139

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