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Polycephalous ‘ndrangheta: Crimes, behaviours and organisation of the Calabrian mafia in Australia

Sergi, Anna (2019) 'Polycephalous ‘ndrangheta: Crimes, behaviours and organisation of the Calabrian mafia in Australia.' Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 52 (1). pp. 3-22. ISSN 0004-8658

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While attention to the ‘ndrangheta, the Calabrian mafia, in Australia, has significantly increased in the past two decades, historical records referring to this peculiar manifestation of organised crime in the country date back almost a century. This research is situated in between studies on mafia mobility and studies on the nature of mafia-type organised crime in Italy and in Australia. Relying on archival research, fieldwork and focus groups with law enforcement agencies across most Australian jurisdictions, this paper will essentially argue that there is in Australia an on-going criminal system that is made of ethnically hybrid criminal networks – predominantly made of, but not limited to, Calabrian ethnicity. Ethnic solidarity and traditional norms and values of the ‘ndrangheta, embedded in Calabrian migrant culture, provide the roof to these networks’ behaviours and organisation. This paper will discuss how the resilience of this mafia in Australia is linked to the capacity of ‘ndrangheta clans to maintain different heads – to be polycephalous – all differently and equally important: their organisational head is stable and culturally homogeneous, their (mafia-type) behaviours are constant, flexible and rooted in ethnic solidarity, and their activities are very dynamic, but hybrid in their ethnic composition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australia, Calabrian mafia, criminal networks, Italian mafia, ‘ndrangheta, organised crime
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2018 14:35
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 13:51

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