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Cognitive therapy for internalised stigma in people experiencing psychosis: A pilot randomised controlled trial

Morrison, Anthony P and Burke, Eilish and Murphy, Elizabeth and Pyle, Melissa and Bowe, Samantha and Varese, Filippo and Dunn, Graham and Chapman, Nicola and Hutton, Paul and Welford, Mary and Wood, Lisa J (2016) 'Cognitive therapy for internalised stigma in people experiencing psychosis: A pilot randomised controlled trial.' Psychiatry Research, 240. pp. 96-102. ISSN 0165-1781

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We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of Cognitive Therapy (CT) as an intervention for internalised stigma in people with psychosis. We conducted a single-blind randomised controlled pilot trial comparing CT plus treatment as usual (TAU) with TAU only. Participants were assessed at end of treatment (4 months) and follow-up (7 months). Twenty-nine participants with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were randomised. CT incorporated up to 12 sessions over 4 months (mean sessions=9.3). Primary outcome was the Internalised Stigma of Mental Illness Scale – Revised (ISMI-R) total score, which provides a continuous measure of internalised stigma associated with mental health problems. Secondary outcomes included self-rated recovery, internalised shame, emotional problems, hopelessness and self-esteem. Recruitment rates and retention for this trial were good. Changes in outcomes were analysed following the intention-to-treat principle, using ANCOVAs adjusted for baseline symptoms. There was no effect on our primary outcome, with a sizable reduction observed in both groups, but several secondary outcomes were significantly improved in the group assigned to CT, in comparison with TAU, including internalised shame, hopelessness and self-rated recovery. Stigma-focused CT appears feasible and acceptable in people with psychosis who have high levels of internalised stigma. A larger, definitive trial is required.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive therapy; Stigma; Psychosis; Schizophrenia
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental Health
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health
Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2018 14:07
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2022 11:36

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