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UN involvement and civil war peace agreement implementation

Maekawa, Wakako and Ari, Baris and Gizelis, Theodora Ismene (2018) 'UN involvement and civil war peace agreement implementation.' Public Choice. ISSN 0048-5829

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Abstract

Many studies argue that third-party guarantees, such as those of the United Nations, increase the chances that belligerents will sign peace agreements, but it is unclear how third-party involvement affects the implementation of such agreements. We unpack the relationship between UN involvement and peace agreement success by focusing on the risk factors of defections during the peace accord implementation phase. We argue that two types of commitment problems, namely involuntary and voluntary defections, emerge due to the characteristics of the peace process as well as new opportunities available to rebel groups. We expect that shifts in relative power and polarized voting lead to overall lower implementation score, but UN deployment has a mitigating effect, thereby increasing the levels of overall accord implementation. Using data from the Peace Accords Matrix Implementation Dataset from 1989 to 2010 and personnel commitments to United Nations peacekeeping operations, we find evidence that large UN missions are better placed to support the implementation and longevity of the peace process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: conflict resolution, UN peacekeeping, peace agreement implementation, civil war
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2018 14:16
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2019 01:00
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/22858

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