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Wireless Power Transfer in Distributed Antenna Systems

Salem, Abdelhamid and Musavian, Leila and Hamdi, Khairi Ashour (2019) 'Wireless Power Transfer in Distributed Antenna Systems.' IEEE Transactions on Communications, 67 (1). 737 - 747. ISSN 0090-6778

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Abstract

This paper studies the performance of wireless power transfer in distributed antenna systems (DAS). In particular, the distributed remote radio heads (RRHs), which are conventionally distributed in the network to enhance the performance, are also used to increase the energy harvesting (EH) at the energy-constrained users. Based on this idea, the network area is divided into two zones, namely, A) EH zone and B) Interference zone. The users in the EH zones are guaranteed to harvest sufficient energy from the closed RRH, while the users in the interference zones harvest energy from the surrounding RRHs. A harvest-then-transmit protocol is adopted, where in the power transfer phase the multiple antennas RRHs broadcast energy signals to the users. In the information transmission phase, the users utilize the harvested energy to transmit their signals to the RRHs. In addition, zero-forcing is applied at the RRHs receivers, to mitigate the interference. The system spectral efficiency is evaluated in two different scenarios based on the channel state information (CSI), namely: 1) CSI is unknown at the RRHs; 2) CSI is perfectly known at the RRHs. In contrast to conventional EH-muliple input multiple output (MIMO) systems, performance analysis of EH DAS-MIMO is a challenging problem, because the channels are characterized by non-identical path-loss and EH effects which make the classical analytical methods nontractable. In light of this, new analytical expressions of the ergodic spectral efficiency are derived, and then Monte-Carlo simulations are provided to verify the accuracy of our analysis. The effects of main system parameters on the EH-DAS performance are investigated. The results show that there is an optimal value of the EH time for each users locations that maximizes the system performance. In addition, size of the EH-zone area depends on the required harvested power at the users which is dependent essentially on the target spectral efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wireless communication, Antenna arrays, Receivers, Interference, MIMO communication, Protocols, DAS, wireless power transfer, zero forcing, spectral efficiency, CSI
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2018 11:55
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2019 11:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/22892

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