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The association between work-related potential stressors, self-compassion and perceived stress in IAPT therapists.

Kostaki, Evgenia (2018) The association between work-related potential stressors, self-compassion and perceived stress in IAPT therapists. Other thesis, University of Essex.

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Thesis Evgenia Kostaki April 2018_ The association between work-related potential stressors, self-compassion and perceived stress in IAPT therapists..pdf

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Abstract

Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT ) therapists form a relatively new workforce delivering psychological interventions to people with mild to moderate mental health difficulties in often high-volume environments (Department of Health [DOH], 2008c). Emerging research has suggested that working as an IAPT therapist can be a demanding and stressful role (Walket & Percy, 2014 ; Westwood, Morison, Allt, & Holmes, 2017). Work-related stressors have been linked to physical and mental health difficulties (e.g. Bosma, et al., 1997; Stansfeld, Fuhrer, Shipley, & Marmot, 1999) and the financial cost of stress related illness is considerable (Blaug, Kenyon, & Lekhi, 2007). Across the literature stress has been conceptualised in a variety of ways (Cooper, Dewe, & O’Driscoll, 2001). The transactional approach understands stress through the relational processes between the person and the environment (Lazarus, 2006). Self-compassion (Gilbert, 2010a ; Neff, 2003b), a way of self-relating in times of hardship and suffering, has predominately been inversely associated with perceived stress and has been linked to psychological wellbeing (Neff & Costigan, 2014). This quantitative cross-sectional online project explored IAPT therapists’ levels of perceived stress and examined whether self-compassion moderated the relationship between work-related stressors and perceived stress in IAPT therapists. IAPT therapists reported experiencing levels of perceived stress that were higher than the norm. Self-compassion did not moderate the relationship between work-related stressors and perceived stress. Multiple regressions, employed as model cleansing strategies, revealed that work-related stressors and self-compassion are independent predictors of perceived stress in IAPT therapists and that self-compassion is more strongly related to perceived stress than work-related stressors. The study demonstrates the applicability of Lazarus’ (2006) approach in workplace research. The findings are discussed in relation to self-compassion theory (Neff , 2003b) and affective regulation systems (Gilbert, 2006), and are considered in relation to future research and practical implications around workplace wellbeing.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental Health
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Health and Social Care, School of
Depositing User: Evgenia Kostaki
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2018 10:49
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2018 10:49
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/22914

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