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A Spatial Survey of Environmental Indicators for Kazakhstan: An Examination of Current Conditions and Future Needs

Russell, A and Ghalaieny, M and Gazdiyeva, B and Zhumabayeva, S and Kurmanbayeva, A and Akhmetov, KK and Mukanov, Y and McCann, M and Ali, M and Tucker, A and Vitolo, C and Althonayan, A (2018) 'A Spatial Survey of Environmental Indicators for Kazakhstan: An Examination of Current Conditions and Future Needs.' International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 12 (5). 735 - 748. ISSN 1369-1619

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Abstract

The Republic of Kazakhstan, located in Central Asia, has experienced many years of environmental degradation, largely as a result of the poor management of its significant natural resources. In this survey, data relating to different environmental factors are critically analysed in order to understand the state of the environment. It was found that: warming trends are seen in sensitive areas (e.g. the steppe and near glaciers); drying trends are seen where there is already water stress (e.g. the Aral Sea); air quality has been declining recently (following improvements on the decadal timescale) in major urban centres, particularly Almaty; water quality appears to be improving in some areas (e.g. important lakes in the Aktobe and Zhambyl regions); and levels of exposure to radioactivity are below internationally recommended levels (where data have been found). More generally, there is an issue with data availability and quality, which requires attention if Kazakhstan is going to make the best use of its increasing investment in environmental actions. Current policies are reviewed and recommendations are made for future interventions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2018 10:51
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2018 10:51
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23006

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