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The Relative Moral Risks of Untargeted and Targeted Surveillance

Hadjimatheou, Katerina (2014) 'The Relative Moral Risks of Untargeted and Targeted Surveillance.' Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 17 (2). pp. 187-207. ISSN 1386-2820

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Is surveillance that is targeted towards specific individuals easier to justify than surveillance that targets broad categories of people? Untargeted surveillance is routinely accused of treating innocent people as suspects in ways that are unfair and of failing to pursue security effectively. I argue that in a wide range of cases untargeted surveillance treats people less like suspects than more targeted alternatives. I also argue that it often deters unwanted behaviour more effectively than targeted alternatives, including profiling. In practice, untargeted surveillance is likely to be least costly morally and most efficient when used as a means of enforcing the rules of a specific activity or institution. Targeted alternatives are likely to be more appropriate means of law enforcement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surveillance; Privacy; Stigmatisation; Discrimination; Reciprocity
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology, Department of
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2018 14:22
Last Modified: 09 May 2022 14:29

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