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I Blame Therefore It Was: Rape Myth Acceptance, Victim Blaming, and Memory Reconstruction

Dawtry, RJ and Cozzolino, PJ and Callan, MJ (2019) 'I Blame Therefore It Was: Rape Myth Acceptance, Victim Blaming, and Memory Reconstruction.' Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. ISSN 0146-1672

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Abstract

© 2019 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc. We examined the causal order of relationships between rape myth acceptance (RMA), victim blaming, and memory reconstruction. In Study 1, RMA-congruent memory (or alternatively, victim blaming) mediated the relationship between RMA and victim blaming (memory reconstruction). In Study 2, similar relationships emerged between RMA, victim blaming, and memory reconstruction. Although no mediation of RMA occurred in Study 2 independently, a mini meta-analysis of Studies 1 and 2 data replicated both patterns of mediation observed in Study 1. In Study 3, memory accuracy for neutral details of a rape scenario was unrelated to RMA. Manipulating memory to be more (vs. less) RMA congruent had no effect on victim blaming (Study 4), although manipulating perceived victim blameworthiness (Studies 5 and 6) produced RMA-congruent memory reconstruction when the victim was more (vs. less) blameworthy. The results suggest that, via victim blaming, RMA motivates a memory reconstruction process that explains and justifies victim blaming after the fact.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Psychology, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 09:53
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2019 04:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23381

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